Working parents who are eligible and can afford FMLA unpaid leave (percent) by race/ethnicity

Share of working parents who are estimated to be eligible for and may be able to afford to take Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) unpaid leave, for each specified race/ethnicity category.

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Additional Info

Last Updated June 9, 2020
Source

diversitydatakids.org calculations of Current Population Survey, 2014-2017 March Annual Social and Economic Supplement, Public Use Microdata Files, IPUMS-CPS, University of Minnesota, www.ipums.org.

Visualizations

Unequal access to FMLA leave persists

Notes

A parent is an adult aged 16 and older who reported having at least one of their own children (including biological, adopted, or step- children) age 0-17 living in their household. A working parent is a parent who reported working at a job or business at any time during the previous calendar year (as of time of survey in each of the four years of the time period) including temporary, part-time, or seasonal work even for a few days. A worker is estimated to "be eligible and can afford" FMLA leave if 1) they are estimated to be eligible for unpaid leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act, and 2) they live in a family with a total family income at or above 200% of the federal poverty level after subtracting estimated lost wages from taking unpaid leave. When estimating whether working adults are eligible for unpaid leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act, employment measures available in the Current Population Survey do not align exactly with FMLA eligibility criteria. Therefore, to minimize overestimation of eligibility, we follow similar eligibility estimation procedures outlined in the Department of Labor's 2012 Worksite Survey, which differ slightly from the full FMLA legal criteria. Data used for calculating this indicator are drawn from surveys and are therefore subject to sampling variability; indicator values should be compared with caution.

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